Charles Stock

Ph.D., Civil, Environmental and Ocean Engineering

Princeton University, NOAA/GFDL

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

Charles Stock is a Research Oceanographer at the NOAA/Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory. His research interests are in marine ecosystem dynamics and physical-biological interactions over a broad range of space and time scales. The objective of his work is the production of quantitative predictions and projections of interactions between climate and marine ecosystems on time-scales ranging from seasons to multiple decades.


Tittensor, D.P., Eddy, T.D., Lotze, H.K., Galbraith, E.D., Cheung, W.W.L., Barange, M., Blanchard, J., Bopp, L., Bryndum-Buchholz, A., Büchner, M., Bulman, C., Carozza, D.A., Christensen, V., Coll, M., Dunne, J.P, Fernandes, J.A., Fulton, E.A., Hobday, A., Huber, V., Jennings, S., Jones, M., Lehodey, P., Link, J.S., Mackinson, S., Maury, O., Niiranen, S., Oliveros-Ramos, R., Roy, T., Schewe, J., Shin, Y.J., Silva, T., Stock, C.A., Steenbeek, J., Underwood, P.J., Volkholz, J., Watson, J., Walker, N.  2018. A protocol for the intercomparison of marine fishery and ecosystem models: Fish-MIP v1.0. Geoscientific Model Development 11: 1421-1442  link

Kearney K, Stock C., Sarmiento J., 2013, Amplification and attenuation of increased primary production in a marine food web., Marine Ecosystem, Oceanography, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 491, 1 – 14, DOI 10.3354/meps10484, link

Cheung W., Frölicher T., Asch R., Jones M., Pinsky M., Reygondeau G., Rodgers K., Rykaczewski R., Sarmiento J., Stock C., Watson J., 2015, Building confidence in projections of the responses of living marine resources to climate change, Climate Change, Marine Management, ICES Journal of Marine Science, link

Kearney K.A., Stock C., Aydin K., Sarmiento J.L., 2012, “Coupling Planktonic Ecosystem and Fisheries Food Web Models for a Pelagic Ecosystem: Description and Validation for the Subarctic Pacific”., Marine Ecosytem, Ecological Modelling, 237-238, 43-62, DOI 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.04.006, link

Tommasi, D., Stock, C. A., Hobday, A. J., Methot, R., Kaplan, I. C., Eveson, J. P., Holsman, K., Miller, T. J., Gaichas, S., Gehlen, M., Pershing, A., Vecchi, G. A., Msadek, R., Delworth, T., Eakin, C. M., Haltuch, M. A., Séférian, R., Spillman, C. M., Hartog, J. R., Siedlecki, S., Samhouri, J. F., Muhling, B., Asch, R. G., Pinsky, M. L., Saba, V. S., Kapnick, S. B., Gaitan, C. B., Rykaczewski, R. R., Alexander, M. A., Xue, Y., Pegion, K. V., Lynch, P., Payne, M. R., Kristiansen, T., Lehodey, P., Werner, F. E., 2017, Managing living marine resources in a dynamic environment: The role of seasonal to decadal climate forecasts, Fisheries Management, Climate Change, Progress in Oceanography, 52, 15-49, link

Stock, C. A., John, J. G., Rykaczewski, R. R., Asch, R. G., Cheung, W. W. L., Dunne, J. P., Friedland, K. D., Lam, V. W. Y., Sarmiento, J. L., Watson, R. A. , 2017, Reconciling fisheries catch and ocean productivity, Fisheries Management, Biodiversity, Policy, PNAS, doi:10.1073, link

Frölicher, T.L., Rodgers, K., Stock, C., Cheung, W., 2016, Sources of uncertainties in 21st century projections of potential ocean ecosystem stressors, Oceanography, Climate Change, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Volume 30, link

Friedland K.D., Leaf R.T., Kane J., Tommasi D., Asch R.G., Rebuck N., Ji R., Large S.I., Stockk C., Saba V.S., 2015, Spring bloom dynamics and zooplankton biomass response on the US Northeast Continental Shelf, Biodiversity, Aquaculture, Continental Shelf Research, vol 102, pages 47-61, link

Cheung W., Jones M., Reygondeau G., Stock C., Lam V., Frölicher T., 2016, Structural uncertainty in projecting global fisheries catches under climate change, Fisheries, Climate Change, Ecological Modelling, Volume 325, Pages 57–66, link

Christensen V., Coll M., Buszowski J., Cheung W., Frölicher T.L., Steenbeek J., Stock C., Watson R., Walters C.J., 2014, The global ocean is an ecosystem: Simulating marine life and fisheries., Marine Ecosystem, Global Ecology and Biogeography

Lotze, H., Tittensor, D., Bryndum-Buchholz, A., Eddy, T., Cheung, W., Galbraith, E., Barange, M., Barrier, N., Bianchi, D., Blanchard, J.L., Bopp, L., Büchner, M., Bulman, C.M., Carozza, D.A., Christensen, V., Coll, M., Dunne, J.P., Fulton, E.A., Jennings, S., Jones, M.C., Mackinson, S., Maury, O., Niiranen, S., Oliveros-Ramos, R., Roy, T., Fernandez, J.A., Schewe, J., Shin, Y., Silva, T.A.M., Steenbeek, J., Stock, C.A., Verley, P., Volkholz, J., Walker, N.D. and Worm, B. (2019). Global ensemble projections reveal trophic amplification of ocean biomass declines with climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(26), 12907-12912. DOI: /10.1073/pnas.1900194116 link

Petrik, C.M., Stock, C.A., Andersen, K.H., Van Denderen, P.D. & Watson, J.R. (2019). Bottom-up drivers of global patterns of demersal, forage, and pelagic fishes. Progress in Oceanography, 176, 102124. link

Salinas-de-León, P., Andrade, S., Arnés-Urgellés, C., Bermudez, J. R., Bucaram, S., Buglass, S., Cerutti, F., Cheung, W.W.L., De la Hoz, C., Hickey, V., Jíménez-Uzcátegui, G., Keith, I., Marín Jarrín, J.R., Martí-Puig, P., Medina, M., Moya, A., Pauly, D., Orellana, D., Ostergaard-Klem, R., Stock, C., Witman, J., & Worm, B. (2020). Evolution of the Galapagos in the Anthropocene. Nature Climate Change, 10:380–382. link.

Nereus alumnus Rebecca Asch (East Carolina University) writes a blog about her upcoming publication in the journal Global Change Biology, which focuses on how climate change is influencing seasonality, thereby creating critical mismatches in the timing between fish spawning and phytoplankton blooms in marine food webs.

Nereus’s Tyler Eddy, William Cheung, Miranda Jones, Derek Tittensor, and Charles Stock are co-authors on a recent article that projects a 5% decline, on average, in global marine biomass for every 1 degree (C) of warming. They did this by combining several different types of models, rather than using a single-model approach.

Nereus alumnus Colleen Petrik (Texas A&M University) and Charles Stock (NOAA) are co-authors on a new paper in the journal Progress in Oceanography. They investigate how dominant factors influence the global distribution and functionality of certain commercially important fishes.

September 22, 2019 | EcologyOceanography

Director William Cheung and Principal Investigator Charles Stock are part of a team of authors that recently published a comment in Nature Climate Change, “Evolution of the Galapagos in the Anthropocene”.